United States and Mexico Reach Deal to Stop Illegal Migration
On Friday June 7, 2019 the United States and Mexico came together in a joint agreement “to address the shared challenges of irregular migration” (1). As a part of this agreement Mexico will deploy “its National Guard throughout Mexico, giving priority to its southern border,…[take] decisive action to dismantle human smuggling and trafficking organizations as well as their illicit financial and transportation networks [and,] commit to strengthen bilateral cooperation, including information sharing and coordinated actions to better protect and secure [the] common border” (1). The United States will continue to “expand the implementation of the existing Migrant Protection Protocols across its entire Southern Border”, and will be returning all asylum seekers to Mexico, where “Mexico will authorize the entrance of all of those individuals” (1). In response to Mexico’s commitment, President Trump has also announced the “Tariffs scheduled to be implemented by the U.S. on Monday, against Mexico, are hereby indefinitely suspended” (2). Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said in a speech on Saturday that Mexico is “determined to collaborate with [President Trump] in all areas, especially in the face of the concern that the growth of the migratory flow to his country causes” (3). President López Obrador said the impending tariffs were “placing [Mexico] in a very uncomfortable situation,… [and he] can not allow anything that threatens the economy of [his] country” (3). The Mexican President concluded his speech by committing to “fulfill punctually the commitments [of the deal], to reinforce our border, to apply the law and to… [begin] offering employment, education, health and welfare opportunities to those who wait in Mexico for their asylum application to enter the United States legally” (3). Both countries will continue “to address irregular migrant flows and asylum issues” and “agree that, in the event the measures adopted do not have the expected results, they will take further actions” (1).